Hard water is water that has high mineral content like magnesium and calcium. Staining on your sinks, tubs, showers, and clothing are major indicators for water hardness. Hard water causes a higher risk of lime scale deposits in household water systems and due to this lime scale build-up, pipes are blocked and the efficiency of hot boilers and tanks is reduced thus, increasing the cost of domestic water heating by about 15 to 20%. Household appliances such as laundry machines, solar heating systems, air conditioning units, and many other water-based applications are also affected by lime scale build-ups.
Water is softened or conditioned by replacing hard ions like magnesium and calcium with softer sodium or potassium ions. All water softeners use the same operating principle: They trade the minerals for something else, in most cases sodium. The process is called ion exchange. (Read more about Water Softening media)
This system can also be used in commercial applications, such as Car Washes, Manufacturing and Window Cleaning where water is hard and there’s a need to eliminate white spots and streaks.
Other less common contaminants can also be reduced by this system, such as Radium, Barium, Lead, and Strontium ions.